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Bioethanol is by far the most used biofuel in the world. And, under the leadership of Brazil and the United States, after the first oil shock in 1973, have sought to diversify their energy sources. The two countries have embarked on ambitious programs to produce bioethanol to be blended with gasoline used in transportation. Today, 10 million FlexFuel vehicles are already in circulation in the world, half in the U.S..
Here are some figures:
World production of ethanol reached 610 million hectoliters (mhl) in 2007 and 740 in 2009 MHL.
Brazil and the United States alone account for three quarters of world production.
United States, the production of bioethanol is 349 mhl in 2009, against 76 in 2001 MHL. The same year, more than 242 MHL ethanol produced in Brazil.
Within the European Union to 27, the 2009 production of bioethanol is 28 mhl. France holds 25% of this production while Spain, Germany, Sweden, Belgium, Austria, and Hungary produce the rest.
The Swedish model
Bioethanol is considered a strategic product in Sweden. The Government has implemented a policy for five years of tax exemption of flex-fuel that is also extended through 2013.
Result, approximately 60,000 flex-fuelcirculent in the country through incentives, including tax exemption total bioethanol and taxes reduced for firms using Flex-fuel cars:
- Benefits to many consumers: best resale price of flex-fuel vehicles after 3 years, free parking in many municipalities, cheaper insurance;
- An agency, Bio Alcohol Fuel Foundation (BAFF), brings together the public and stakeholders in the production and distribution of bioethanol;
- The agreement with Statoil allowed the establishment of a distribution network in 85% ethanol.
Brazil runs on bio ethanol since 1975
With more than two million flex-fuel cars sold in 2009 (1), 95.6% of registrations of the year, and a share of 52% ethanol in all fuels consumed in 2008 (2) run on bioethanol has become second nature to motorists Brazil. Overview of the Brazilian market at the forefront of efforts to reduce CO2 emissions in transport.
The basis of this advance were asked over there trying years. Following the first oil crisis, the Brazilian government launched in 1975, the national program "ProAlcool" which positioned the priority ethanol as an alternative to fossil fuels in transport and infrastructure development planned production and distribution. Based on the development potential of domestic production (see below), this choice is first translated by the circulation of cars with engines dedicated exclusively to ethanol, and the increasing incorporation ethanol in conventional gasoline until it reaches a level of today incorporation of 25%, which does not require specification for recent gasoline engines.
Europe starts rolling green.
The development of biofuels is subject to political constantly reaffirmed by the European Union under its fight against global warming. The Renewable Energy Directive adopted in co-decision by the European Council and Parliament in December 2008 fixed at 10% utilization of renewable energy in the transport sector by 2020.
But governments are not in tune.
Did you know? Seventeen member states produce fuel ethanol. Production fell in 5 of the 18 producing countries, while it increased in 12. After moderate growth in 2007 (11%), the increase in European production approached 60% in 2008.
The estimated total production in the EU in 2008 was 2.8 billion liters against 1.8 billion liters last year. This significant increase of 56% due in large part to the growth of French production.
It has almost doubled, reaching 1 billion liters in 2008 (against 539 million in 2007). This makes France the largest producer, followed by Germany with production (568.5 million liters) also increased by 32%. Next comes Spain with 317 million liters.

Produce local or fair? The EU has adopted criteria for sustainable production, but there is nothing comparable to supervise imports. Therefore, in terms of competitiveness of maintaining jobs, many voices are heard against a massive overreliance on imports to meet the objectives. Brussels is under "natural" these debates and European support is indispensable, including positions face some environmental groups on first-generation fuels.